Therapeutic Approaches to Preserve Islet Mass in Type 2 Diabetes

To determine the gestational ages at which maternal hyperglycemia is most closely related to fetal macrosomia; to determine whether macrosomia is related to elevations of fasting glucose, postprandial glucose, or both; and to assess the relationship of macrosomia to maternal insulin dose and caloric intake. The aim was to test whether or not adaptations in oxygen diffusive conductances occur to help compensate for fetal hypoxic stress in utero. Pregnancy for diabetics prior to 1921 simply did not happen. The glucose transporter, SGLT2, which is found primarily in the S1 segment of the proximal renal tubule accounts for 90% of glucose re-absorption. Mainly, it still required that people with insulin diabetes must have already driven commercially for the previous three years. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a… These findings suggest the possibility that AGE proteins in the circulation interfere with the functions of SR-BI in reverse cholesterol transport by inhibiting the selective uptake of HDL-CE, as well as cholesterol efflux from peripheral cells to HDL, thereby accelerating diabetes-induced atherosclerosis.

SAA inversely correlated with SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux (r = -0.36, p < 0.01) but did not correlate with ABCG1-mediated cholesterol efflux.

Chronic Diseases Caused by Chronic Inflammation Require Chronic Treatment: Anti-inflammatory Role of Dietary Spices

Atopic dermatitis (AD), recently renamed atopic eczema (AE), in humans is a very common disease with current lifetime prevalence in children in developed countries of 10-20%. These can be prescribed by your GP or a doctor in a sexual health clinic. Inflammation is the body’s natural response to injury and outside irritants. Gommerman, a professor and scientist in the Department of Immunology at U of T, is heading up an investigation into the startling incidence of chronic inflammatory diseases in South Asian immigrants raised in Canada. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a common cause of PID, but infection can occur after childbirth, an abortion, or a miscarriage, or as a result of using an intrauterine device (IUD), which is a form of birth control. What ignites the fires differs from person to person: repeated or prolonged infections, smoking, or gum disease, for example. Studies have suggested that dysfunction of the immune system is an important common basis for many of these diseases.

The effect of less advanced PAD (intermittent claudication) was related to an increased concentration of sVCAM-1 and the number of monocytes and granulocytes. Based on the available pharmacological data obtained from in vitro and in vivo research, as well as clinical trials, an opportunity exists to translate curcumin into clinics for the prevention of inflammatory diseases in the near future. These cytokines are required for proper wound healing and to stimulate epithelial cell proliferation; however, if uncontrolled these cytokines can lead to inflammatory disorders. All these inflammatory products have shown to be regulated by the nuclear transcription factor NF-κB, which is considered the master molecule of inflammation. The transcription factor NF-κB is activated in response to a wide variety of stimuli such as stress (physical, psychological, mechanical, or chemical), tobacco, radiation, asbestos, dietary agents, environmental pollutants, obesity, and various infectious agents. NF-κB is activated by at least two separate pathways “canonical or classical” and “non-canonical or alternate”. De Medicina was the main source of medical reference in the Roman world for pharmacy, surgery, diet and some other medical fields.

The NF-κB activation pathway typically involves activation of NF-κB inhibitor α (IκBα) kinase (known as IKK), leading to phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and degradation of IκBα, nuclear translocation of the p50 and p65 subunits of NF-κB, DNA binding and transcription of NF-κB target gene. Funding: RCF was funded by a JDRF post-doctoral fellowship (3-2011-374). Rats are used in research to benefit human health, including drug discovery and formulation pharmacology, toxicology, pharmacokinetics, and vaccine development. The activation of NF-κB in various immune cells, including T cells, B cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, and neutrophils, leads to expression of proinflammatory cytokines. The activation of NF-κB has also been shown to production of proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine in disease tissue from patients [9]. Another study also showed that proinflammatory cytokine production in human atherosclerotic plaques is NF-κB-dependent [10]. Telomeres are multiple repetitions of a standard nucleotide sequence that cap the ends of chromosomes and protect from genomic instability (10).

Similar to the effects of obesity on adipose tissue, NAFLD is associated with an increase in M1/Th1 cytokines and quantitative increases in immune cells (48–50). STAT3 is activated by many cytokines and growth factors, including epidermal growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and IL-6, oncogenic proteins, such as Src and Ras as well as by numerous carcinogens, such as cigarette smoke and tumor promoters [11]. As we discussed in the previous article, conversion of the short-chain n-3 alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), found in plant foods like flax and walnut, to DHA is extremely poor in most people. Cani and colleagues [68] showed that ob/ob mice fed a high-carbohydrate diet supplemented with oligofructose have increased intestinal representation of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, improved connections between tight junctions, lower gut permeability, lower systemic endotoxemia, and lower systemic and hepatic inflammation than ob/ob mice fed with a high-carbohydrate diet alone. This unique animal model overlaps with my research interest using antioxidant therapies and will synergize to confirm the efficacy of small molecule catalytic antioxidants as viable immunotherapeutics for modulating innate immune-derived signaling pathways during inflammatory-mediated diseases. STAT3 promote inflammatory environment by regulating the expression of cytokines, chemokines and other mediators [13,14]. Therefore, cytokines show relevant metabolic effects.

Meanwhile, it’s a mistake to oversimplify and to assume inflammation is always a bad thing, and trying to prevent or treat it with special foods and supplements is little more than a shot in the dark, a gamble based on speculation. STAT3 and NF-κB also co-regulate numerous oncogenic and inflammatory genes [15]. These indicate that NF-κB and STAT3 alone or in combination produce inflammation and inflammatory microenvironment. This hyper-inflammatory trait and the AGE-RAGE upregulation of the inflammatory response to bacterial antigens in the diabetic patient may result in a more severe systemic inflammatory challenge and over-expression of inflammatory mediators. Chronic inflammation damages the cells of the brain, heart, arterial walls, and other anatomic structures; this damage leads to various inflammatory chronic diseases. The Paleo diet, as its name states, is a diet based around focusing on foods that have been eaten by humans for thousands of years during their evolution. Many of these biomarkers—transcription factors such as NF-κB and STAT3; inflammatory cytokines and chemokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1; inflammatory enzymes such as cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, 5-lipoxygenase (LOX), 12-LOX, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs); and other factors such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA), C-reactive protein (CRP), adhesion molecules, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and TWIST are found common in most chronic diseases [16].

IBD is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine comprising in Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). IBD causes inflammation anywhere along the lining of digestive tract and often spreads deep into affected tissues. A number of cytokines/chemokines and their receptors have shown to be upregulated in patients with IBD. For example, the overproduction of various cytokines such as IL-2, IL-12, IL-18, IFN-γ, and TNF-α has been well documented in patients with CD [17,18]. A pilot study of 33 IBD patients (19 with CD and 14 with UC) and 33 matched healthy controls showed that cytokine and chemokine levels increased with disease severity [19]. Kader et al. [20] identified IBD serum biomarkers such as cytokines, growth factors, and soluble receptors in 65 patients with CD and 23 with UC; the researchers found that the levels of 4 cytokines [placental growth factor (PLGF), IL-7, IL-12p40, and TGF-β1] were significantly higher in patients with clinical remission than in those with active disease.

However, more work remains to directly prove this hypothesis, especially in human diabetic retinopathy. The association of STAT3 in IBD was also described in CD and UC populations [22]. These studies indicate that inflammatory transcription factors and cytokines are integral to IBD. Epidemiological evidence points to a connection between inflammation and a predisposition for the development of cancer, ie, long-term inflammation leads to the development of dysplasia. Various pro-inflammatory biomarkers have been found to be elevated in several cancers. Canine lymphocytic thyroiditis is considered to be an immune mediated disease based on its clinical and histological similarities to Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in man, and because of the prevalence of autoantibodies to thyroglobulin. Another inflammatory transcription factor, NF-κB, was found in 60% of colorectal cancer patients [26].

Also, the overproduction of cytokines has shown to be associated with cancer-related fatigue [27]. Inflammation has also been shown to mediate cardiovascular diseases [28,29]. CRP, an acute-phase protein produced by the liver during bacterial infections and inflammation, was found to be a common marker for detecting cardiovascular and atherosclerotic diseases [30]. Inflammation is also a cause of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, in which excess levels of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-8 are often found [31]. Multiple sclerosis, another autoimmune disease, is caused by chronic inflammation in the central nervous system. Activated NF-κB is found in patients with multiple sclerosis [32]. Elevated levels of other cytokines such as IL-1α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, TGF-β1,TGF-β2, and TNF-α have also been found in frozen sections of central nervous system tissue from multiple sclerosis patients [33].

Similarly, cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, and schizophrenia have been shown to exhibit the overexpression of cytokines and NF-κB [34]. Likewise, in patients with diabetes, high levels of CRP, IL-6, IL-1, and TNF-α—along with abnormal expression of NF-κB—have been observed [35-37]. The studies listed above indicate mounting evidence of a stronger association between inflammation and chronic diseases than was once believed.

Treating the comorbidities of diabetes: The pharmacist's role

Barr et al.4 evaluated the prevalence and distribution of comorbidities in COPD patients in a telephone survey. There has also been a movement away from a focus on body mass index alone, and toward the management of obesity-related comorbidities as well as excess weight. The Hong Kong Diabetes Registry was established in 1995 as an ongoing quality improvement initiative with consecutive enrollment of diabetic patients from ambulatory settings for documentation of risk factors, microvascular and macrovascular complications, and clinical outcomes using a structured protocol. By contrast, in individuals with a genetic predisposition to autoimmune or monogenic diabetes mellitus, obesity can lead to atypical presentation of diabetes mellitus, termed ‘double diabetes mellitus’. Methods. From this, we can infer that there was no distinctive feature in the prevalence of hypertension in patients with a vertiginous disease in our study. Jones has diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, obesity, severe bilateral knee osteoarthritis, and depression.

Thus, the initial approach to the management of both diabetes and hypertension must emphasize weight control, physical activity, and dietary modification. The present study was undertaken to provide a systematic evaluation and detailed estimate of the prevalence of comorbidities in severe MERS-CoV cases. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly half of adults in the U.S. The numbers are dramatic: For every 1% reduction in results of A1c blood tests (e.g., from 8.0% to 7.0%), the risk of developing microvascular diabetic complications (eye, kidney, and nerve disease) is reduced by 40%, according to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. If you change one area, such as using surgery to treat obesity, it may result in an unexpected change elsewhere, such as creating an electrolyte imbalance. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the credit eligibility period that is noted on the title page. Biological Psychiatry, 70, 978-984.

Detecting and treating early diabetic kidney disease by lowering blood pressure can reduce the decline in kidney function by 30% to 70%.

Bayer Glucose Meters

Most users assume their glucose meter is accurate and use it to make therapeutic decisions. I started out with Accu-Chek, and have had a couple of those. Our hypothesis was that since oxygen is not involved in the reaction pathway of glucose dehydrogenase, glucose dehydrogenase-based blood glucose meters would perform better than glucose oxidase-based meters at high altitude. Blood glucose monitoring is a very useful apparatus to personally manage blood glucose levels on regular basis. With so many different kinds of diabetes blood glucose meters available, it makes sense to compare blood glucose meters to evaluate their merits and demerits. Glucocard X-Meter glucose monitoring system comes with easy to use, advanced technology. Based on blood glucose levels within +/-5 and +/-10% of laboratory values, the technical accuracy of meters was similar for 1989 and 1999 (P = 0.27 and 0.52, respectively).

First, you can watch a test done with control solution (glucose solution). Diabetics are not the only patients who require close monitoring of blood glucose levels. The Ascensia Breeze2 offers muliti-day testing averages and is downloadable to your home computer. To ensure accurate testing results, the TRUEtrack meter requires a chip from each test strip container.. Contour Next EZ.This meter was introduced in 2012. The TRUEbalance glucose monitoring system is a no coding meter giving you a large 365 test result memory, capable of downloading directly to you computer. But, check it out to see if it fits your needs.

A1CNOW Self Check Test While not technically a Bayer glucose meter, the A1CNow Self Check allows you to measures your A1C levels without going to your doctor’s office. The primary goal of this study was to assess the impact of HCT variation on the performance of new BG meters that employ dynamic electrochemistry technology (BGStar, iBGStar, Wellion Linus, and Wavesense Jazz) in comparison with other BG meters that use alternative electrochemical technologies (OneTouch Verio Pro, GlucoDock, and FreeStyle Freedom InsuLinx). Follow the link to learn about A1c testing. Such medical apparatus can be expensive. They call it GlucoFacts Deluxe. Intravenous AA is eliminated by simple first-order kinetics and has a half-life of 2.0 ± 0.6 h (4). BUT, what is great is that the software is marketed as being MAC compatible, one of the few.

This meter has a code chip slot that needs a chip inserted from every bottle of test strips. The two CGM’s on the market in the US (one made by Medtronic and the other by Dexcom) can communicate directly with a blood glucose meter. Starting in 1941, the company introduced its first diabetic related product, the Clinitest reagent tablets. With a target glucose of 100 mg/dl, a pump’s bolus correction calculator cannot safely lower readings higher than 200 mg/dl when 95% of the meter’s BG readings are allowed to range between 160 and 240 mg/dl, and 5% of readings may be outside this range. Bayer’s diabetes related website is this link. You can also find all of its product manuals on the site. Morepen Gluco one mini BG-03 with 25 Strips:- Dr.

The TS was a stripped down version of the Contour aimed at people who need very simple operation and large display. This meter is still available at selected retailers, but I believe Bayer will be discontinuing this meter.

Black Seed – ‘The Remedy For Everything But Death’

Black seed is not known to many and hence its benefits are hidden in the mist and dew. It is also known the “Blessed Seed”. Pharaoh Tutankhamun (1334-1325BC) even had a bottle of the oil in his tomb. However, it  was not recognized by the modern medicine until recently. Nevertheless, the mainstream medicine still does not recognize this oil as exceptionally advantageous. On the contrary, garlic showed no change in the sex ratio of offspring. Patients with strong immune system have a reduced risk of relapsed condition.

An outer utilization of dark cumin oil has even been utilized as a clean and cooked seeds as a treatment to stop vomiting. But, they still claim that the benefits of the black seed oil are strong and the risks of negative side effects are extremely small. An analysis of overweight sedentary women published in the February issue of the International Journal of Preventive Medicine showed that eight weeks of Nigella sativa supplementation combined with aerobic activity had a synergistic effect in improving serum lipid profiles.8 Researchers saw a 5% decrease in total cholesterol, an 8% reduction in triglycerides, a 5% drop in LDL cholesterol, and a 6% rise in HDL cholesterol. Simply take half a teaspoon of Black Seed Oil twice daily (you can mix it into a hot or cold beverage). Given these properties, the researchers speculated that substituting sesame oil for other cooking oils that contain unhealthy saturated fatty acids might enhance the diabetes drug’s ability to lower blood glucose and blood lipids. This, of course, should help folks realize how voluminous the supportive literature indicating the medicinal value of natural substances, such as turmeric and black seed, really is. For those that have struggled with poor liver function due to medication side effects, alcohol consumption, or disease, black seed oil could greatly speed the healing process.

The results showed treatment with black seed oil provided powerful antioxidant properties and alleviated the markers of liver and kidney damage. A scientific study in India in 2012 found that black bean extract is able to protect various mice organ damage due to gamma radiation and the researchers learned that the protective effect of black seed is related to the ability of this seed to prevent the biochemical changes due to radiation exposure. Black seed oil weight loss results will become a common searched topic due to its real effect in maintain and loosing weight. The seeds of the Nigella sativa plant have been used to promote health and fight disease for centuries, especially in the Middle East and in Southeast Asia. Eat foods low in glycemic load. pharmaceutical drug), is that Nature (God) made the former, and men with profit-motives and a deranged understanding of the nature of the body made the latter. The time, no doubt, has come for food, seeds, herbs, plants, sunlight, air, clean water, and yes, love, to assume once again their central place in medicine, which is to say, the art and science of facilitating self-healing within the human body.

Ajenuz, Aranuel, Baraka, Black Cumin, Black Caraway, Charnuska, Cheveux de Vénus, Cominho Negro, Comino Negro, Cumin Noir, Fennel Flower, Fitch, Graine de Nigelle, Graine Noire, Kalajaji, Kalajira, Kalonji, La Grainer Noire, Love in a Mist, Mugr. The researchers investigated the effects of black seed oil addition as well as the irradiation on the oxidant system in the tissues of liver in rats which were irradiated. To the degree that it fails, folks will learn to take back control over their health themselves, which is why black seed, and other food-medicines, hold the key to self-empowerment.

New Type 2 Diabetes Medication Approved by FDA – Diabetes Self-Management

Do you have diabetes and a BMI above 35? Papers were included in the present review if they reported the prevalence of adherence (the percentage of the study population that is classified as adherent) to Type 2 diabetes medication and used validated adherence measures with a defined cut-off point to indicate adherence. Only articles published in English between 1990 and May 7, 2007, and including individuals of all ages with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus were included. 3) In fact, their risk for dementia was less than those without diabetes- by 47%. The presence of one or more of these associated diseases will not be, per se, disqualifying but the disease(s) must be carefully evaluated to determine any added risk to aviation safety. The medicine, which is currently approved in more than 60 countries under the brand name Lyxumia, is injected once daily within an hour before the first meal of the day from a disposable, prefilled pen containing 14 preset 20-microgram doses. Metformin, the most popular diabetes medicine, figured in about 200 of the presentations at the recent annual convention of the American Diabetes Association.

Adherence to diabetes medication remains an ongoing problem. Studies were not included if a specific measure of adherence to medication was not used or stated. More research is being conducted on the use of this medication for treatment and prevention of dementia. Be sure to include the actual printed laboratory report and not just a statement from the treating physician.

‘I reversed Type 2 diabetes by banting’ | Loseit

I did not know it at the time but I do now. The Yale study, published in the journal Science, opens the door to a new way to treat the root cause of diabetes — as well as the related conditions known as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The C57BL/Ks-db/db and C57BL/6J-ob/ob mice offer good models for studies on human obesity and Type 2 diabetes. We add to that model regulation of 2 aspects of β-cell function on intermediate time scales. I came to her also overweight and on depression medications. The latter is a consequence of a threshold separating the normoglycemic and diabetic states (bistability), which also underlies the success of bariatric surgery and acute caloric restriction in rapidly reversing T2D. Like winning the lottery, it surely will be someone else.

Although Gregg acknowledged it was difficult to achieve a complete remission of long-standing type 2 diabetes, the study also showed that it was possible. Professor Taylor said the results supported the theory of a Personal Fat Threshold, where fat can be stored around the body but above a certain level it is deposited in the liver and pancreas, where it causes damage and can hinder proper insulin production. I’d long given up trying to put on a pair of pants with a 36” waistline. Craig’s story shows that is possible it is to reverse diabetes through a simple to maintain diet. You may be able to prevent type 2 diabetes with lifestyle changes if you become aware that you have pre-diabetes. In October 2013, Diabetes UK announced the award of its largest research grant ever. Recently, scientists have shown that symbiotic bacteria that lives in our gut, more than three pounds of it in a healthy adult, plays a vital roll in maintain a healthy digestive system and greatly effects our overall health.

I’d lose weight and put it back on or go on holiday at Christmas and be back to square one. Then a guy I follow on twitter, @lifeis savage, took a bet with his followers. He invited us to all go on a pre-Christmas diet rather than try to lose weight afterwards. He was going to stop drinking and taking sugar for a month. So, I thought I’d go along and do it with him and we’d tweet each other every now and then. Right about that time, I bumped into Prof Tim Noakes at a function in Cape Town and watched what he was eating during the evening. I was advised to head to hospital and be prepared to be kept.

So I spoke to him about his diet and got really excited because he could explain what was happening in your body – particularly if you were insulin resistant. I read a bit more about it and started following his advice. It’s really simple: just don’t eat carbs. Or, if you have to, keep them to a reasonable limit a day. Once you discover what else there is out there to eat it becomes really easy. I had a great time discovering it all. Dr.

I missed bread because I’m a big sandwich fan, but soon discovered there were other ways to make it. I learned how to make my own low-carb bread with almond flour, and it’s lovely. I’ve had more sandwiches and cheese and nut butter on toast than ever before and the more I eat the stuff, the more weight I lose – it’s quite extraordinary.

Red Berry Pavlova Tower Recipe

Looking for a dessert that EVERY ONE can enjoy? It may be used as a topping for cakes, pavlova, pies or eaten raw as biscuits. Cut a sheet of foil and a sheet of baking parchment or greaseproof paper about 16 inches long. She has an adorable personality and I’m just waiting for her to invite me to dinner….waiting, waiting, waiting…. They are ready when you can turn the bowl upside down without the eggs sliding out. Then turn the heat right off, but leave the Pavlova inside the oven until it’s completely cold. A Bulletproof low carb ice cream recipe would solve all the problems that normal, high sugar, performance robbing, ice cream presents.

The “Pav” is ours! Don’t worry if the pavlova has a few cracks in it – this is completely normal, and it will be covered up with cream later anyway! A great aspect of the celebration is that there is zero military intervention. Set baking sheets on a rack to cool completely (pavlovas may sink a little). The main difference is that Canderel Yellow granular is made with Sucralose, which is heat stable, so it’s great for use at a wide variety of temperatures and baking in recipes. I blog at The Cook who Photographed and I recently switched my diet to a vegetarian one. Spoon reserved 1 cup meringue into a large zip-top plastic freezer bag.

When ready to serve, juice and strain half of one of the pomegranates — it’s far easier to do this if you have an electric juicer provided you don’t juice any of the skin, but pomegranates can also be reamed like lemons with a little bit of muscle. Pipe meringue onto baking sheet next to 10-inch round to resemble a large chocolate kiss. Thank you … She edited the frankly absurd Lambtastic (1987), which collected more than 200 recipes for lamb, many of the fruitastic variety, such as shoulder chops with bananas, lamb and pineapple ragout, and the ancient Maori dish, Nga Tuhoe lamb (add 1 x 310g can mandarin pieces). Turn oven off; let meringues stand in oven, with door closed, 2 to 10 hours. 5. Place 10-inch meringue on a serving plate.

Fill indentation with desired amount of icing, whipped cream, and berries. Aaand your done! Top with kiss-shaped meringue. Remove from heat.

What Is the Body Lacking for Dry Nails? | LIVESTRONG.COM

What kind of grooves? But the next time your nails are polish-free, take a close look at them. All kinds of conditions and diseases can affect your nails. But did you realize you could tell a lot about your health by examining your fingernails? Blue fingernails – the medical term is cyanosis – can also be due to low hemoglobin, the carrier of oxygen in red blood cells. On average, fingernails grow 3.5 mm per month, while toenails grow about 1.6 mm per month.1 Nail growth rates depend on age, health status, time of year, activity level and heredity. The concentrations of Cd, Pb, Cr, Mn and Fe were not significantly high in vegetarian subjects.

Dr Oz said that spoon nails (koilonychia) are where you can imagine scooping out the center portion of your nail with a spoon. After one month of biotin supplementation (9,000 mcg/day), fasting blood glucose levels decreased by an average of 45% (13). If the vertical ridges in your nails are accompanied by brittle, splitting nails, you could have a condition called onychorrhexis and should seek medical treatment. According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), fungal infections affect toenails more commonly than fingernails because your toes are usually confined to your shoes, where they’re in a warm, moist environment. These may appear due to cardiovascular diseases, liver disease, ADIS, and inflammatory bowel disease. I am only speaking from my own experience. There are a lot of genetic prerequisites in the nail diagnostics too.

They are called such because they resemble splinters in your nail, but they are actually blood. Though nails are comprised of mostly keratin, a type of protein, the way the tissue is formed suggests that nails involve cholesterol, various metals and at least 11 other nutrients. I think I first noticed it in junior high when I started to polish my nails, so they’ve been that way for 35 or 36 years. ·       Feed your fingernails! White nail plates (Terry’s nails). Food sources that contain biotin include egg yolks, yeast, nuts and soybeans. Milk and dairy products are great sources for protein, calcium and zinc.

This will keep your nails strong and help you avoid ingrown toenails. Vitamin A-rich foods include green, leafy vegetables and yellow or orange vegetables. Small depressions in the nails are common in people with psoriasis — a skin condition that produces scaly patches. Overall good nutrition will help give you healthy nails. Drink plenty of water to keep them hydrated as well.

Maintaining Good Diabetes Control – DaVita

Managing type 2 diabetes isn’t a simple task to take on — you need to plan healthy meals, find time to exercise, test your blood sugar, visit your doctor regularly, and more. It’s an eye-opening statistic and a reminder about why it’s important to be proactive about our overall health and well-being during and after cancer treatment. “When someone is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, they often have a sense that eating and food are things to be conquered,” says Michelle May, MD, a board-certified family physician who practices in Phoenix. Taking medication such as insulin or diabetes pills is not enough to manage your blood sugar levels when you have kidney disease. In fact, discouragement is a big reason people get off track with diabetes management, says William Polonsky, PhD, co-founder and president of the Behavioral Diabetes Institute, a licensed clinical psychologist, certified diabetes educator, and author of Diabetes Burnout: What to Do When You Can’t Take It Anymore. Rather than eating only an apple, eat a handful of nuts or one to two tablespoons of nut butter too. For better control of diabetes, May counsels her patients to employ mindful eating techniques, an approach to food that can help them manage their diets and their lives.

Eat less fat. Or perhaps they’re simply experiencing burnout, which can lead to ignoring diabetes management altogether. Eat more veggies, fruits and whole grains. A diabetes patient using mindful eating techniques may express intention as “I want to feel well,” “I want to be healthy,” or even “I want to enjoy the food at this party.” Mindful eaters pay attention to the eating experience by “being in the present moment and noticing how good the food tastes,” says May, “and [being aware that] as you eat, the enjoyment decreases as you get used to the flavors and become sated.” That’s your cue to stop eating. Look for “reduced fat” on the label. Set attainable goals. The American Institute for Cancer Research and the American Diabetes Association recommend 30 minutes of physical activity five days a week to lower risk of cancer recurrence.

Such habits, May says, not only distract people from what they’re eating, but also from the simple pleasure of eating. Running on empty for a long time is not good for your blood sugar. If you want to be more active, start by going for a 15-minute walk after lunch. Follow a lower carbohydrate, higher healthy fat and protein diet during cancer treatment. Slowing down can also help you fend off obesity — one study found that middle-aged women who rush through their food tend to be heavier than those who savor every bite. Your dietitian can help you adjust your eating plan on those days. It’s important to know what may cause you to get off track in the first place.

Know your numbers! She has had diabetes for decades and started needing insulin injections in the early 1970s, eventually developing insulin resistance. Your dietitian can help you recognize simple sugars, such as jelly, honey, sugar, syrup, jam, cookies, candy and cake with icing. It’s easy to feel isolated when you have diabetes. Receiving a prediabetes diagnosis can be a wake-up call to start making changes to lead a healthier life. When you have diabetes and kidney disease, the goal is to maintain a healthy blood sugar level. Although it can be a challenge, there is a lot that you can do to achieve good blood sugar control.

“If your body needs medication and you’re not taking it and focusing on exercise instead, it’s like beating your head against the wall,” Polonsky says. Seek help from a registered dietitian. To help spread the word about controlling diabetes, send your loved ones a no-cost DaVita E-Card today.